|This page is a part of New Pleistocene, a collaborative project detailing the fauna of the next glacial period.|
Most of Africa has become even hotter and drier, but life manages on very well here. Africa is primarily arid grassland and desert, with a few rainforests persisting in what was formerly the Congo and large temperate forest and mountains in North Africa. Many of Africa's animals went extinct, including the Northern White Rhinoceros and the Addax.
The Sahara desert is an extremely large desert, in fact it is the third largest desert on Earth and in 5 million years it takes up even more land. Despite being very harsh here, life thrives very well here, housing many of today's animals and some immigrants from Eurasia.
- The Dromedary camel or Camelus dromedarius is a large camelid inhabiting most of North Africa. It hasn't changed much from it's ancient desert counterparts, but is very well adapted to the Sahara desert.
- The Langbene, Canis tripodes is a descendant of the saluki dog that inhabits many areas of the Sahara desert. This animal hunts small animals and is heavily adapted to living in this relatively-harsh environment.
- A common nocturnal canid found in the Sahara desert is the Fennec Fox, Vulpes zerda. It hasn't changed much, but is frequently preyed on by larger animals, such as raptors or even Langbene.
- The Saharan Fallow Deer or Dama Africanus desahara is a desert adapted subspecies of the Atlas Fallow Deer inhabiting small pockets of the Sahara Desert. Both of the subspecies owe their existence to fallow deer that were introduced to North Africa by humans for game hunting
The atlas mountain range is a mountain range across the northwestern stretch of Africa. The highest peak is Toubkal, with an elevation of 4,165 metres (13,665 ft) in what was by humans southwestern Morocco. The Atlas ranges separate the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines from the Sahara Desert.
- The Atlas Aurochs, Bos primegenius africanus is a subspecies of wild aurochs descended from feral breeds of African cattle. The are found primarily in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and is characterized by their large horns and tawny-yellow coloration.